Don’t work and be happy

According to the statistics, every $1 billion spent by UN as unemployment benefits creates about 19,000 job places per annum. Finnish government has set a two-year trial to find out whether such kind of basic income experiment will encourage people to work more.

In November 2016, 2000 adults of 20-58 age groups who had been out of work were selected on the basis of arbitrary choice. During the following couple of years they had been paid monthly benefits of 560 Euros by The Social Insurance Institution of Finland (often called by its Finnish abbreviation, Kela). Recipients hadn’t had to seek and apply for jobs, albeit the subsidy had continued to be allocated even when citizens got employed.

Launched in January 2017, the experiment was noted all over the worlds, lots of foreign media provided deliberate coverage of the process since it had been speculated to be decisive in ending prolonged discrepancy around this topic.

Looking back to the history of the phenomenon, it is overt that huge public attention has always been drawn to the idea of unconditional subsidies.

The notion that every citizen must be given a guaranteed, regular stipend, emerged in 16th century. The aim was to reduce poverty and wealth gap.

Majority of famous people such as tech billionaire Mark Zuckerberg, the leftist politician Bernie Sanders, the economist Milton Friedman, the scientist Stephen Hawking and the civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr demonstrated the endorsement of Universal Basic Income (UBI).

Canada has already tested several modules of UBI, Italy put them into practice, and Scotland and India are currently implementing particular schemes of benefits. The idea gets expeditiously popular in Silicon Valley after the innovation boom stirred fear about automation-induced joblessness.

When it comes to Finland itself, since 1980s, UBI has started to gain stream among Nordic left-of-centre political circles, mostly targeted to combat economic and social consequences of falling industrial unemployment. Yet the government had difficulties coming to consensus about the exact actions: Which module of UBI and what level of payment to choose, how to combine UBI with other security benefits.

Everyone contemplate UBI differently which leads to ambiguity and confusion. Dylan Matthews noted:

…these purposes are often confused and contradictory.

For some this is the way to diminish poverty rate, for others it helps to cope with joblessness. The primary aim of Finland- impacting people to accept more work, whether low-paying or temporary- failed to succeed. People didn’t get interested in entering workforce. Nevertheless, the positive results did occur: Recipients reported the boost of their wellbeing and decline in health and concentration problems. This is instrumental taking into consideration the fact that government spends immense funding on health service. Previous tests also derived the same output: In Dauphin, Canada once the basic income scheme was introduced in 1970s, a drop in doctor visits and fall of hospitalization occurred. Similarly Kenya, stable benefits contributed to people to become self-employed. One of the participants of the program stated:

It feels like the basic income gives you increased freedom and makes society more equal

Moreover, the theory that free money may cause less productivity– the biggest critique of UBI detractors- has been refuted.

However experts still disqualifies the Finnish scheme as it is limited to only the unemployed and the time lapse is not long enough to get solid conclusions.

But, anyway, meaningful results were indeed produced even in specific field.

In the area, where indeterminacy still prevails, it managed to talk specifics.

One of the most pressing issues of the “Fourth Industrial Revolution”

A 2017 study conducted by Gartner, a research and advisory company, stated that by 2020 about 1,8 million jobs would be wiped out due to AI growth.

According to the prediction of Thomas Frey by 2022 over one billion jobs will be lost to robots. In the next decade this number will hit 2 billion.

However, in Frey’s opinion prediction isn’t that dreary as it seems. He points out that such trend will give a host of new jobs, such as product designers, engineers, experts in cutting-edge industries as robotics and 3D printing.

In other words, it is not elimination of jobs, rather that the jobs will be different in the future.

The future of work is overt.

Everyone sees the growing demand for technological skills so it is little surprise that pursuing higher education in IT sphere or working at fancy tech companies is in vogue today. But traditional education is outliving day by day. Such majors as STEM, Goggle analytics, neuromarketing aren’t taught at Universities.

As the founder of Upwork freelance platform Stephane Kasreil stated at comments for Axios:

Which is why some economists say that the half life of a skill is now five years and trending down (meaning, for such skills, knowing them in five years will only be half as valuable as knowing them today)

Experts assume that such situation may cause “skill gap”.

Currently short educational courses are prevailing among workers, consequently creating unprecedented group of employees. The CEO of IBM Ginny Rometty has called them “new collars”. Those who maintain advanced technical skills which are beneficial for high-growth jobs, especially for digital economics comprise this group. Bulk of them hasn’t received formal education as “ these technologies are moving faster in time than their skills are going to change”.

Expressly for those people IBM has organized innovative educational model known as P-Tech: vocational schools and apprenticeship programs.


The education lasts 6 years. During this time lapse, students are not only mastering in-demand knowledge but simultaneously have chance of paid internship in partner companies. After graduation, they may go to the further education to acquire doctoral degree or get hired in various organizations.

At this moment, there are about 100 P-Tech schools established in 13 countries. More than 500 business partners are helping teachers to develop work-relevant curricula and mentor students.

President Barack Obama and Education Secretary Arne Duncan talk with students while visiting a classroom at the Pathways in Technology Early College High School (P-TECH)

Photo: Barack Obama and Education Secretary Arne Duncan talk with students while visiting a classroom at the Pathways in Technology Early College High School (P-TECH) in Brooklyn, NY, Oct. 25, 2013. (Official White House Photo by Pete Souza)

Over the last few years, seven states of USA decided to expand the model. The California legislature set aside 10 million $ for new P-Tech schools. North Caroline and Minnesota are currently dissecting this decision. Congress’ reauthorization of the Perkins Act in July seems destined to give another boost to the P-Tech model’s momentum.

Ryan Crozier said that such career-focused models bring together businesses and schools to better prepare students by the help of interdisciplinary projects and courses:

Everywhere we go, business leaders are concerned about the skills gap and what business can really do to step up and contribute

 Having participated in the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland Rometty confirmed:

We as a company are passionate that if we don’t fix this issue, to bridge this skill right now, at the rate it’s moving, you will have unrest.And so people have to have a route in.

She believes that every organization must ponder over this issue and change the paradigm of hiring otherwise business will face “skill crisis”. Finding experts at labor market will be difficult as most of workers will not be able satisfy the requirements.

In the Financial Times’ panel “Business Leadership in the Fourth Industrial Revolution,” moderated by the FT’s Roula Khalaf Rometty emphasized the importance of not letting the workers behind:

 There is a large part of society that does not feel that this is going to be good for their future.We have a really serious duty about this.

 

Self-realization — the key to our soul?

The other day, I was sitting and working on a couple of my essays and came to this point of thinking of whether everything we write, read, or memorize is literally synced with the outer world, and if yes, then simply how?

Is this the way things are supposed to work?

Well, it wasn’t until I finished reading Daniel H. Pink’s “To Sell is Human” and realized how we all are of one kind and have the same potential of competence, yet it is directed to our own selves on how we interpret the information we have and will to utilize.


Too much cliche… let’s get to work.

According to scientific research, one of the most active periods of one’s brain is the time he/she sleeps during the night.

Immediately, a question arises: “What? How come at night? Why not during a heavy physical workout?

Is there any possibility that we are hypnotized simultaneously while sleeping, leading to increased overload?

All of these thoughts might also be tangent to another factor named as:


Attainment

What is attainment? Technically, “attainment” means ACHIEVEMENT.

So, once started talking about attainment, we have to talk about the stages where the word change is what needs to be embedded in one’s life.

Here we go!


1. Your Motivation Is Gone

Humans all have something that makes them tick. A goal that makes them wake up at 5am even though they would love to sleep in late. A drive that makes them decline social events, because their jobs need them to stay all night, or maybe it’s the opposite and you attend social events to please the ones close to you.

It comes from your motivation to succeed either professionally or personally, but once the drive is missing, then you can’t keep going and you will lose your motivation.

If you suddenly can’t find that drive inside you once had, then it can be a sign. It can be your needs or wants that have changed. The important thing is that if you don’t feel the same motivation any longer, then it’s time to do something about it.

Image result for motivation gone

We’ve been taught to keep going even when it gets tough, but it’s okay to change and redefine yourself. It’s not about giving up. It’s about stopping up and revaluate whether you still want the same things in life.

Sometimes you may find out you still want the same time, but the way you’re going about it isn’t working for you.

Chris Sacca, an American venture investor, and entrepreneur, bought a cabin in Tahoe’s less-expensive neighbour and moved to the prime skiing and hiking country when he felt his motivation sliding away. He still had the same goals, but described a need for a change in his life to get back the right mind-set:

Find your passion and motivation back to live a better life with these tips


2. The People Around You Are Changing

The grass is far from always greener on the other side of the street (at least most of the time), and while we shouldn’t compare ourselves to the people around us on a daily basis, it’s okay to take a look once a while.

The people you surround yourself with often reflect back on yourself. If you’re going through a phase where most of your friends have been going out all the time, and then they suddenly start to focus on work and family, it might be a sign.

This by no means imply you should change your life if you’re still feeling fulfilled and good about it. But if you turn your head and start noticing a change around you and it makes you rethink things, it’s probably a sign of you being ready to change as well.

Image result for changing lifestyle


3. You’re Bored

A healthy life shouldn’t be all fun and games, but if you’re starting to feel bored on a daily basis, then it could be a sign. There’s a difference between waking up on a Sunday and not knowing what to do, and waking up every day and feel bored.

Maybe you don’t feel challenged in your job any longer, or your normal idea of fun is no longer giving you the enjoyment it once did before.

Take the time to check with yourself. Are you just bored? Or do you need something more in your life?

Humans are run by habits and routines, which makes it tough to change them. It also makes us stay in bad situations much longer than needed.

It’s always hard in the beginning but you can do it! Take a leap of faith and change your life.


Summary

So, as you may have noticed, life is definitely a chest full of adventures and challenges yet to be pursued

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New Era of Security and how it can be achieved

Reports are constantly revealing news on cybersecurity incidents: Facebook’s data breach, an onslaught of bans and restrictions on Huawei and millions of people attacked by hackers.

Experts on cybersecurity envision horrendous scenarios about distribution of so-called “Internet of Things”: attackers, who got access to your apartment, phone or confidential information; hacker-terrorists who are able to murder thousands of people by turning cardio stimulants off….

According to Bruce Schneider, cyberexpert, cyberphysical technologies “give internet “legs and arm”, i.e. ability to directly influence physical world. In his article for Motherboard published in 2016, he thoroughly outlined possible outcomes: “One thing is when your “smart” home is used in order to track who is in the house. But reinstalling it so that it would let burglars in or keep you inside is completely different matter”.

“Hacker who can control your car is far more dangerous than that one aimed at interception of your conversation “.

The need for continuous updates is only negating the issue. We hardly have time to download new security patches for Microsoft or apps, needless to say about updating software of, let’s say, refrigerator connected to the network (This issue was demonstrated by the attack on DNS-providers of Dyn, which was accomplished by means of poorly secured devices).

 

To make “Internet of Things” a tool which will support but not tackle the progress, the fundamental principles of security must be reconsidered. Incorporating groundwork of analytics, cloud calculation and other technologies for commercial usage, IBM has become massive company in creating infrastructure for “Internet of Things” and is currently adopting blockchain.

 

In famous article “Device Democracy: Saving the future of Internet of things” worker of the IBM Puresvaran and Brody focused on the major problem- trust. How and whom can we trust the control over global network of millions of devices which manage literary every step? If we are already concerned about the fact that Google, Amazon, Facebook or Apple knows way too much about us, what would happen when Internet of things got centralized? When all transactions are going through several giant corporations, it is not only ineffective in terms of data processing or system management but also it grants controlling authorities power of control which could scare even George Orwell. In this case, the organization takes responsibility of executing thousands of transactions in tokens or cryptocurrency.

Just imagine what a tiny error might cause!

 

Another alternative solution to give control to the state authorities might have been contemplated until the famous Edward Snowden’s leaks in 2013 after which it got out of consideration.

 

Puresvaran and Brody believe that blockchain is the mere technology to serve as a foundation for Internet of Things. Blockchain can provide it with complete invulnerability. On occasions when devices regularly exchange assets, blockchain is needed to ensure trust among users. Once the system is created, it will lead to new perspectives for development.

 

 Legitimization of transactions and reliability of devices is confirmed by using invulnerable register which is trusted by both sides. The lack of information about another user won’t affect the process. Such system enables strangers and, more importantly, their gadgets to share assets.

People will exchange exact data used for confirmation of device reliability instead of letting the flow of confidential information into open space.

 

In other words, when your car is exchanging cryptocurrency with counter, neither you, nor the other user or anyone else will be aware of personal information of those involved in the deal.

 

In this way, the system will assist in using technologies more effectively due to dissipation of possible malicious activities. As Puresvaran and Brody noted each device would have control over its own performance.

The result of this is democracy of digital world.

Get a good night’s sleep

It’s something we spend about a third of our lives doing, but do any of us really understand what it’s all about?

You might love it because you think you don’t actually do anything while sleeping. But you have to know what’s actually going on there. While your body is indeed still and your mind is off walking in dreams, your brain never rests. Sleep refreshes and clears the mind. It clears out harmful toxins. This may be essential for preventing and treating diseases of the mind in the future.

However, most people not only don’t get enough of it, but also they never care about the quality of sleep.

Here are a few tips for the best rest possible:

COOL DOWN THE ROOM

The best sleep, on average, happens when the surrounding environment is around 20 degrees Celsius. And you might fall asleep faster if you warm your body up just before the bed. Coming out of a warm shower into a cooler room causes a slight decrease in body temperature.

USE LIGHT TO YOUR ADVANTAGE

Your body has a natural sleep cycle regulated by exposure to light. In the morning, get a nice dose of light to tell your brain it is time to wake up. An hour before bed, dim lights and turn off screens. This cues the brain to prepare for sleep.

SNIFF SOME HERBS

You can incorporate herbs into your nighttime routine. You can either breathe in a lavender oil before bed or put a lavender pillow on your eyes while you sleep. The effect of lavender is even stronger if you pair it with some other relaxing evening routine like journaling or meditation.

Give these tips a try and see if better sleep can improve your life during the day.

What should I do if I am lying in bed for hours frustrated about not being able to fall asleep?

  • If you’re not sleeping for more than 15 minutes and getting anxious about not sleeping, just get out of bed and leave the bedroom. And don’t take your mobile device because you’re going to use it and the light from it will delay the onset of sleep.

What is the most practical advice to improve sleeping habits?

  • Implement basic sleep hygiene, which is not drinking caffeine after midday, or exercising too late, or drinking alcohol before bed, and just eating sensibly. If doing natural things like this doesn’t work, then it might be wise to consult with a specialist or a doctor.

So as we are facing all the multiple crises in our world at the moment, what is good for us on a personal level, what’s going to bring more joy, gratitude, effectiveness in our lives and be the best for our own careers, is also what is best for the world. So I urge you to shut your eyes, and discover the great ideas that lie inside us; to shut your engines and discover the power of sleep.

 


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